Thirty compressions and two breaths.
Trio First Aid Instructor Jacqui Broesky explains that's how to administer CPR, a skill which can increase an individual's chance of survival by 20-25%. Broesky explains good CPR means the first aider's arms are kept locked, legs shoulder width apart, positioning in line with the patient's armpit and two-inch deep compressions. She adds the patient should be on their back and on a hard, flat surface.
"I've done CPR and I didn't have a barrier device, I didn't even think twice, I just did the breaths because I knew that was my training," says Broesky when asked about an individuals comfort level in administering breaths during CPR. "In the end I went to the hospital to visit her, because she did survive. The surgeons came in and the cardiologist and they just said - because we did it [CPR] for so long and she was without a heart beat for so long - had you not done the breathing she likely wouldn't have survived without brain damage and she had zero brain damage."
Broesky adds an adult will only store seven to eight minutes of oxygen in their blood stream and deoxygenation can cause permanent brain damaging. Many people take a first aid course for their job but Broesky says statistics show an individual is more likely to use those skills in their personal life.
"There was one lady who took it and she chose to take the child/infant portion even though she didn't need it for her job. The next day her grandson was over choking on an Easter egg and she was able to save his life because he was already turning blue by the time she got to him."
Broesky says when you combine CPR with an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) an individual's chance of survival increases to 70-75%. In January 2013 Manitoba passed the Defibrillator Public Access Act which requires public places such as gyms, arenas, community centres, golf courses, school and airports to be equip with an AED. Broesky says Manitoba is the only province to have passed this act making them the lead in saving lives in Canada.
She adds it's good to know life saving skills at any age from being able to simply call 9-1-1 to knowing how to stop excessive bleeding or administer CPR.